Ministry of Panchayati Raj has announced an ambitious plan to computerized an ambitious plan to computerize 250,000 Panchayati Raj Institutions over the next three years. Nearly 40,000 odd Gram Panchayats have already opted for ICT. Applications vary from grassroots planning, financial accounting, implementing and monitoring of centrally sponsored schemes, offering birth and death certificates, handling revenue streams like house tax and automation of the functioning of the Gram Panchyats etc. Similarly, Ministry of Rural Development are considering consolidating all ICT applications as one mission mode project, establishment of decentralized data centre, a comprehensive automation of all land and land resources through a widespread usage of GIS. Ministry of Agriculture are in the process of activating the Mission Mode Project for enablement of all agriculture related interventions under National e-Governance Plan (NeGP). Integrated Rural Health Mission (IRHM), Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) and other important social, Bharat Nirman projects- all call for an integrated information system to better target the spending onone hand and visibility into and monitoring the outcomes on the other. All these imperatives together are creating a rural thrust for ICT from a governance perspective.
1. Rural Connectivity : Rural connectivity is an important issue if not dealt seriously will lead to the increase in digital divide between urban and rural. The ICT growth cannot be taken as complete unless rural areas also get the benefit of ICT and contribute to its growth. To achieve the targets of e-Governance in rural area, one of the important steps are to proliferate connectivity in rural areas. Some of the limitations felt in the implementation of e-Governance are as follow :
• Backhaul cost is vary high
• Absences of good business model, as operators are not sure about minimum number of subscribers and financial returns per month.
• Low PC penetration
• Low English literacy.
2. North Eastern States : The vision of the National e-Governance Plan (NEGP) is to make all the Government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency and reliability of such services at affordable costs to realize the basic needs of the common man. There are various initiatives, which have taken place in North – East states for the NeGP.
In this connection CCBOS make a community. There is a dearth of specialized manpower to handle e-governance programmes in the Rural and NE States. An elaborate Scheme for capacity building to provide technical support for e-governance in the State is under the consideration of the Central Government. Many of the NE States do not provide IT enabled citizen centric services at present. CCBOS community upgrade existing technical support in National Informatics Centre of the NE States for e-Governance. This community updated regularly; states should provide content as well as update it regularly. CCBOS undertake capacity building programmes for employees at all levels. CCBOS organize awareness campaigns in remote and interior areas for optimum utilization of CICs (CSCs afterwards).
Our community improve the quality of services in the Region. It improved the billing disputes which comes due to non-availability of online payment facility and processing centre being outside the Region. Our community improve the infrastructure. Electric supply and its quality is another issue in most of the States. Poor quality of roads hampers transportation of telecom equipment and machinery. Cables are frequently damaged due to natural causes like landslides and others like due to road widening and by miscreants. Frequent bandhs and blockades in the states lead to time overrun and cost escalation. CCBOS community will solve all this problems.